How to Set up a Leopard Gecko Habitat?

If you are thinking setting up a habitat for a Leopard Gecko is all about putting a light bulb and rocks in a tank then you might be wrong. Also, if you want your reptile to have a healthy and long-life then make sure you fulfill all the specific needs that they have. In this guide, we will tell you how you can keep your lizard healthy and safe for future years to come.

Some facts about the leopard gecko habitat

How to Set up a Leopard Gecko Habitat?

  • These reptiles originate from arid and dry regions
  • They do not need any special equipment for lighting
  • But they do require regulation of temperature within their tanks but not with the help of bright lights
  • There are certain varieties of substrates sold out there in the market which can cause drastic health issues in these reptiles

Why would you want to pet this reptile?

There are a few animal lovers who would want a lizard as their pet animal, isn’t it? Well, if you are wondering why someone would want this reptile as their pet then here are a few reasons for that.

  • These creatures are fascinating and beautiful
  • Their looks are striking with outstanding colors and some signature spots
  • Family-friendly reptile
  • Tends to grow fond with people and doesn’t show aggression

If you are not aware then you should know that a healthy gecko will have a long life-span that ranges from 6 to 10 years. Apart from that, if you really take good care of your pet then they can live beyond 20 years as well.

Choosing a leopard gecko – things you should know

Once you have made up your mind that you want to have a leopard gecko as your pet, then there are a few essential things that you should know. Also, there are not many options that you will have while choosing your reptile pet. If you are looking for a leopard gecko then you will find them in pet stores or even in retail stores.

But before you pick a lizard as your pet, make sure you get a healthy one or else it will not live long. So, you need to look out for a lizard that has been taken good care of and is healthy.

Signs of a healthy leopard gecko

  • Very sharp, active and alert
  • The tail is full and round
  • Eyes will appear clear and bright
  • The toes and claws will be intact
  • The nose will be clean
  • Closed mouth

Another important thing is that you shouldn’t be afraid to ask questions while looking out for a healthy leopard gecko. If the breeder or seller isn’t keen on sharing the details that you are interested to know then it is highly recommended you check some other place to purchase the gecko.

How can you pick the right enclosure for your Gecko?

How to Set up a Leopard Gecko Habitat?

When you have to choose an appropriate leopard gecko habitat for your little pet make sure you are putting your efforts into it. When you create a good habitat for your pet it will grow and live longer. So, before you select a tank for your gecko, here are a few tips for you. What do these include? Let us explore them in detail.

Size of the tank: one of the first things that you will have to look into is the size of your tank. So, the minimum size for a gecko tank for one reptile is 10 gallons. You need to bear in mind that these lizards prefer having their tank shallow and long. Also, do not purchase narrow and tall tanks as it inconveniences the reptile living in it.

The material of the tank: there are different materials to choose from for the tank. The common and widely sold materials include wood, plastic, and glass. So, as per your preference and budget, you can decide on which will be the perfect material for your pet’s tank. Whichever material you choose, make sure you know all the pros and cons before making your final purchase. Keep in mind the health and lifespan of the lizard.

Temperature: the body temperature of this reptile will depend on its surroundings. Thus maintaining a fair temperature in their tank is a high requirement. Also, do not forget to consider the temperature gradient – a cooler and warmer area within the tank.

How can you provide heat to your little pet?

  • Heating pads
  • Ceramic heaters
  • Suitable lights

When you are setting up the light system in the tank – a few things to bear in mind:

  • The light needs to be set directly above the tank and not in the lateral position
  • There should be a safe distance between the gecko and the light bulb. Also, you should be using a guard if they can get access to the light bulb.
  • You should control the lights automatically. Use a thermostat for proper temperature and you can use a timer for specific intervals of time.

Substrate: for the overall well-being of your little pet, the choice of the substrate is an important aspect. The gecko spends a lot of its time with the substrate. You might find this stupid but they will lay their eggs, run and even hunt and eat on the substrate in their tank. Remember that, geckos are desert animals but yet sand can be a terrible substrate for them.

Some natural and good substrates:

How to Set up a Leopard Gecko Habitat?

  • Large river pebbles
  • Excavator clay
  • Stone slate

Bad substrates:

  • Calcium sand
  • Walnut shells
  • Sand
  • Wood chippings
  • Forest substrates

Hideaways: Your little pet will prefer resting down in its cool hideaway.  This is a semi-closed structure. You could use a plastic box, wood or even a rock structure that can be used by the lizard for its hideaway. If you decide to make a structure out of stones, make sure it is attached safely so that it doesn’t cause harm to your pet.

In addition to this, you can also add some plants in the tank. These can either be fresh plants or even artificial plants. It is not mandatory but if you are setting up a natural habitat for the gecko then you will need some greenery as well.

How Often Do Rabbits Need To Be Brushed?

When we are talking about the grooming of a rabbit, then it includes brushing their bodies as well as trimming their nails. It is noted that rabbits contain a lot of hair on their bodies, and excessive hair can create a problem. As a reason, excessive hair on the body will be rendered as unhygienic, and sometimes the rabbit eats their own hair. When the rabbit eats their hair, then it will create a hairball in their stomach, which is not appropriate.

It also leads to an unhygienic environment. Rabbits are soft creators and require a lot of pampering. Due to this, you need to take proper care for them because the entire life of a rabbit is less as compare with other creators. You can conveniently get the best brush for rabbits. As there is a numerous website through which you can easily get the one.

What are the tools included in the grooming of a rabbit?

How Often Do Rabbits Need To Be Brushed?

There are several numbers of tools are included in the grooming of a rabbit such as listed in the below section as:

  • Fur Buster
  • Tooth combs
  • Furmitator
  • Flea comb
  • Zoom groom
  • Rubberized mitt etc.

All the above-listed things are the one which helps you to groom the rabbit as well as make them hygiene. It is important to use these things because it will help you to take care of them in a more abundant and proper way. If you wisely accommodate these entire things, then you will easily create a healthy environment for your rabbit pet.

What are some details of the brushing rabbit?

How Often Do Rabbits Need To Be Brushed?

When we are talking about brushing the rabbit, then it will include a lot of things in it. Brushing the body will depend on the growth of hair present in the body of the rabbit. It is mandatory for you to brush your rabbit thrice a week because it will depend on the outer grooming of the rabbit. Also, it is beneficial to do these things as a reason it will create a healthy environment for them. The skins of rabbits are quite soft, so you need to take care of them properly. A little harsh brushing on their body will create problems for them, so it is better to accommodate the things in a wise and abundant manner.

Is it beneficial to use shaving tools?

If you will consider shaving tools, then it is also beneficial for you because sometimes it becomes hard for us to remove the hair of rabbits. The mats of rabbits are quite harsh as well as we have no other choice accept using a shaving tool for them. You can pick the best brush for rabbits because through this, and you can get the best outcomes and results.

What are the body parts included in the grooming session of rabbits?

How Often Do Rabbits Need To Be Brushed?

Basically, the entire body is included in the grooming of rabbits, but in the following section, you will get to know about some major parts and things regarding the grooming such as:

  • Feet of the rabbits are necessary part because if it is not cleaned, then it will lead to injuries and pain in their feet. So it is important for you to clean the feet as well as the mats of the footpad so that the rabbit can easily walk from one place to the other without any difficulty.
  • The second thing is the ears of the rabbit, as it is important to remove the ear wax from the ears because it is quite irritating for them. With the help of cotton swab and earbud, you can easily remove the ear wax from their ears.
  • Trimming of nails is also an important part because nails contain all the dirt, which is so unhygienic. For cleaning their nails hold the rabbit in a plain position and distract them with any toy so that they can hold on to one place. When they are placed in a calm position, then you can easily go through their feet and clean their nails as well as to trim their nails. It is listed that the nails of the rabbits are quite large, so you can easily clean them with the help of a nail cutter or sharpener.


  • The other part which you need to accommodate is the eyes of the rabbits as we all know that the most sensitive part of the body is eyes. And if you are planning to groom the rabbit, then go through the entire session, which also includes the eyes of the rabbit. You can easily use medicated eyewash or soap to clean the eyes of the rabbit.
  • You need to accommodate the symptoms of the rabbit and check them so that it becomes clear for you to pay attention in a wise manner. If you find any kind of infection or allergy, then immediately reach to the doctor or specialist so that you can treat the rabbit properly.
  • You also need to consider meets present in the fur of a rabbit or not because it will irritate the skin of the rabbit and also cause a bacterial problem. So it would be helpful for you if you check the skin and fur to reduce itching and irritation out from the body of the rabbit.

Last words for you,

How Often Do Rabbits Need To Be Brushed?

All the crucial and important information is listed in the above section, which includes the body parts of the rabbit to be groomed. If you wisely go towards all the points, then it will be considered helpful for you to create a healthy environment for the rabbit. Wisely rendered the points so that the grooming of the rabbit will become enjoyment for your rabbit as well as for you. With the help of these terms, it will be excited for you to groom your rabbit or take the rabbit on the animal nursing house. May all the information will be helpful for you to groom rabbit as well as clean them.



If you’ve ever had influenza, the aches, pains, dizziness, nausea, and respiratory issues can leave you bedridden for several days. However, did you know that you’re not the only member of your family who is susceptible to catching the flu? Canine influenza is a serious, potentially life-threatening infection that you can spread easily to your pooch.

Learning more about canine influenza can help you understand the risk factors, recognize the signs of the illness, and how to care for your pet while they recover. Here are a few frequently asked questions you might have about canine influenza.

What Exactly Is Canine Influenza?

There are two strains of the influenza A virus that infect dogs: the H3N8 virus and the H3N2 virus. The H3N8 virus was originally identified in 2004 in the United States when the pathogen mutated and spread from horses to dogs. The H3N2 strain originally infected birds and the first reported cases in the United States were recorded in 2015.

Globally, there are no reported cases of either strain of canine influenza spreading from dogs to humans.

How is Canine Influenza Spread?

Both strains of canine flu are highly contagious and spread from dog to dog in several ways, including:

  • If an infected dog coughs or sneezes on or near another dog, they can spread either strain of the virus.
  • If your dog plays with a toy that was touched by a dog infected with canine influenza, they can become sick.
  • Your dog can become infected if it is housed or plays in an area with several other dogs, including inside a kennel, dog park, or doggy daycare.

Additionally, the virus can live on a human’s skin for almost 12 hours. If an individual whose pet is infected with canine flu pets or plays with your dog, it is possible for them to spread the virus.

What Are the Symptoms of Canine Influenza?

If there are other dogs in your area, or if a friend or family member’s dog has been diagnosed with canine influenza, it is important to understand the symptoms. Much like several other canine illnesses, including kennel cough, the symptoms of canine flu include sneezing, coughing, exhaustion, fever, and a runny nose.

If your pooch is suffering from any combination of the above-mentioned symptoms, it is important to visit your veterinarian right away. There are tests available that can determine if your dog has canine influenza, and which strain of the virus is present.

How Do I Care for a Dog Suffering from Canine Influenza?

Luckily, the majority of dogs who are infected with either strain of canine influenza will survive. If your dog is diagnosed, your veterinarian will recommend a treatment plan. Typically, this includes making sure your dog gets plenty of rest, water, and food.

Additionally, your veterinarian will recommend that your dog remain isolated from other dogs for several days. This will ensure your dog can recover, and they will not spread the virus any further.

What Can I Do to Prevent My Dog from Contracting Canine Influenza?

There are several steps that you as a pet owner can take to protect your dog. There are vaccines available for both strains of the virus. If there are reports of canine influenza in your area, keep your dog away from kennels, dog parks, or other areas where there are several dogs present.

Additionally, if you are in contact with other dogs, wash your hands thoroughly before interacting with your dog.

Canine influenza is a serious illness that you can easily spread to your beloved dog. If you have any further questions about dog flu, contact the professionals at Blue Cross Animal Hospital. 



As a dog owner, you always want to do what is best for your dog’s health and well-being. However, what is best can sometimes be unclear. Take vaccines, for example.

A recent movement has questioned the necessity and safety of vaccines. And while it is always good to question things that you are told to be true, some vaccines for both humans and dogs are vital and quite necessary when you look at the alternative to vaccinating.

Get to know more about rabies and the vaccination process. Then you can be sure that you do what is best for your dog going forward.

What Is Rabies?

Rabies is a viral infection, which means that it can be transmitted. This virus is a form of polioencephalitis known as Lyssavirus that affects the central nervous system and particularly the gray matter of the infected creature’s brain.

Rabies is transmitted through exchanging infected blood or saliva. This means that the most common means of spreading the virus is through a bite from an infected animal.

What Animals Does Rabies Infect?

Rabies is a virus that can easily be spread between species of animals. It can infect any type of mammal that comes into contact with the virus, including domesticated dogs and even human beings. Humans have been known to develop the viral infection after being bitten by a dog or another animal with the disease.

What Does Rabies Do to the Infected Animal?

Rabies is a very serious viral infection. When an animal contracts the virus, they will not display symptoms right away. Instead, the virus will need to work its way up to the brain where it will take hold and really begin to affect the animal.

This period of time before symptoms appear is also called the incubation period. The amount of time that incubation takes can vary between cases. Most veterinarians would put the incubation period at between three to eight weeks. However, it can be significantly shorter as well (even a week to 10 days) or longer in some cases.

The first symptoms of rabies that infected animals exhibit are behavioral changes. These can manifest themselves in different ways depending on the animal. Your pet might become more friendly or cuddly. It may also become more agitated and aggressive. Nocturnal animals may also begin to come out during daytime hours or vice versa.

Light and sound sensitivities follow the initial symptom stages. During this time, if the animal has not already become hyperaggressive, they will likely do so. They may also experience seizures. In the end stages of the virus, the animal will experience progressive paralysis, usually starting with the head and neck and then moving downward.

How Dangerous Is Rabies?

Rabies is almost always fatal in animals. There is no cure, and very little can be done to treat the disease after the onset of symptoms. And most cases of rabies are not detected or even suspected until symptoms have developed. Because of this, rabies is considered one of the most dangerous infections in dogs and in all mammals.

What Can Be Done About Rabies?

While rabies is not curable once it has been contracted, vaccines can prevent your dog from ever contracting the disease. Dogs receive vaccines for rabies starting as early as three months of age. They are available in three year or annual varieties and need to be updated after that period of time to remain effective.

Most states require rabies vaccinations because of the danger the disease poses to pets, animals, and humans.

Now that you know more about rabies and the reasons to vaccinate against it, schedule your next veterinarian’s appointment as soon as possible.



The moment a pet owner’s worst fears are confirmed is devastating. There is no way to put a happy face on the sorrow that is felt when a test result proves a lump is cancerous. Whether it was suspected or comes as a complete surprise, it is always painful to hear. It also is a moment that begins a period of difficult choices for the family.

A diagnosis of terminal cancer does not mean that there are no happy days ahead. Stay in control and enjoy every moment possible so they can continue to have a full and happy life.

Maintain Your Hope

Some terminal pets have only days to live, but many survive comfortably for months or years. A veterinarian can only relay the average lifespan of dogs in other reported cases. Each dog is an individual, and their own immune system and the actions of the owner do have some effect on the disease.

Get Better Educated

Discuss all treatment options with the vet. Know the side effects of each. Research the type of cancer to know how it progresses and what may help to slow down the progression. Learn about natural options like supplements and special diets and discuss the use of the these with the veterinarian.

Exercise is another important factor in pet health, but the type of cancer the dog has could limit some activities. Strenuous exercise could be dangerous for a dog with cancer that affects their heart or lungs. Activities like running could create too much impact if there is bone cancer. Establish a routine that is safe and comfortable for the dog and look for signs of discomfort.

Weigh the Options

Cancer treatment that does not offer any potential for a cure but could extend their life is a difficult choice to make. People must determine if the added time it offers makes it worth the cost and the risks to the pet. Discuss the issue as a family and know that any carefully thought out decision is the right one.

Record the Journey

Too many people dismiss the heartache and emotionally draining reality of caring for an ill pet. Create a blog and record everything to give yourself the chance to let out the pain without judgment. Record happy moments, include photos of fun events, and talk about their health. Include in the blog all the efforts being made to keep them strong and healthy.

Keep the blog private until the end before deciding to share the entries. The information collected could help others currently on this journey. It is also a record of your efforts. Read it whenever you have a day where you feel like you did not do enough.

Watch Them Closely

Decide in the beginning what would signal the end. For example, an active, athletic dog that now cannot walk to their water dish without pain. The owner must determine what would reduce their pet’s quality of life too much and choose that point as when it is time to say goodbye.

Stay With Them

Watching the life of a pet end is heartbreaking, but it should be done if possible. The pet has the comfort of their most important human standing or kneeling beside them. Staying with them can also help the owner because the process is quick and peaceful, and this is often very reassuring for people to witness.

As animal owners, we at the Blue Cross Animal Hospital understand that nothing is easy about saying goodbye to a great dog. We want to help them have a full and happy life for as long as possible. Contact us to learn more about disease prevention, treatment, and management so you can extend the number of days you get to spend with your best friend.



Recent debate among Oxford University scientists centers on precisely when dogs were domesticated and whether they evolved from wolves at all. However, with different theories pointing to domestication at either 30,000 years ago or only a mere 15,000 years ago, experts can agree that dogs and wolves both rely on their physical traits to survive, specifically their sharp teeth.

While your dog probably doesn’t hunt for their meals, they still use their teeth to rip and chew, even if it’s just a rawhide toy or a bowl of crunchy kibble. Their teeth perform an important function, but is it really necessary to have your dog’s teeth checked out? After all, dogs have been around for thousands of years and managed to survive without a visit to the vet. Here’s the truth about your dog and dental care.

What is Periodontal Disease?

By the age of three, most dogs already have some trace of periodontal disease. It is the biggest reason owners take their dog to visit the vet.  Over time, bacteria in your dog’s mouth forms sticky plaque. Plaque is continually forming on your dog’s teeth but is mostly eliminated by the natural action of chewing and eating.

However, plaque is destructive when it is allowed to remain on your dog’s teeth and descends below the gum line where it cannot be reached. Here, bacteria attacks your dog’s teeth and can cause gingivitis and loss of soft tissue and bone around the teeth.

How Do You Know Your Dog Needs Dental Help?

Unless you know how to inspect your dog’s teeth or decide to take them to the vet for an exam, it can be difficult to tell if your dog has periodontal disease. If the disease has advanced enough, you can tell your dog needs dental
help if:

  • You visibly notice one or more missing teeth in their jaw or witness your dog losing a tooth while playing or eating.
  • Your dog has bad breath beyond what they just dined on.
  • They visit their food bowl frequently but end up not eating anything.
  • They gulp their food whole to avoid chewing or drop food from their mouth as if in pain.
  • Their gums are bleeding, especially after they chew on or carry a toy around.
  • You see them drooling more than normal.
  • They act more subdued, quiet or unresponsive.

If you notice any of these signs, your dog might have advanced periodontal disease and need dental treatment to prevent further damage and save their teeth.

How to Prevent Periodontal Disease

Fortunately, periodontal disease in dogs is preventable by using a variety of methods at home. To stop periodontal disease, you must first stop plaque from forming on their teeth. You can use special anti-plaque antiseptic gels or rinses, but the best way to remove plaque is by simply brushing your dog’s teeth.

Dog toothbrushes have soft bristles and are angled so you can reach their teeth more easily, and toothpaste for dogs comes in flavors they love. Your dog may not like having their teeth brushed at first, but by persisting every day and starting small and gradually working up to the whole mouth, their teeth will be as free from plaque as possible.

You can also give your dog dental chews that clean their teeth or employ a chemical anti-tartar ingredient. Also, chew toys help keep your dog’s teeth clean as long as they are used every day. Don’t give them real bones, cow hooves or other materials that are extremely hard. These can end up breaking their teeth.

Dogs may have existed for thousands of years without toothbrushes and visits to the vet, but you can give your dog a long, comfortable life free from major dental problems simply by taking preventative measures at home.

If you are concerned about periodontal disease in your dog’s mouth, the staff at Blue Cross Animal Hospital can help by examining and cleaning their teeth.


Blue Cross Animal Hospital provides high-quality and compassionate veterinary care to the cats and dogs of downtown Louisville, Kentucky, and surrounding areas. We offer an extensive variety of medical, surgical and dental services for your furry family member.

Our primary concern is to provide quality medical and surgical care for our patients, mindful of their comfort and of our clients’ devotion to their pet’s well-being.

Whether your companion is a puppy or a kitten, an adult or a senior, our dedicated staff will provide you with the proper care custom-tailored to your animal’s needs.

Call us today to schedule an appointment for your pet.